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An image-based computational model of oscillatory flow in the proximal part of tracheobronchial trees

Abstract : A computational model of an oscillatory laminar flow of an incompressible Newtonian fluid has been carried out in the proximal part of huaman tracheobronchial trees, either normal or with a strongly stenosed right main bronchus. After acquisition with a multislice spiral CT, the thoracic images are processed to reconstruct the geometry of the trachea and the six first brinchus generations and to virtually travel inside this duct network. The facetisation associated with the three-dimensional reconsturction of the tracheobronchial tree is improved to get a computation-adapted surface triangulation, which leads to a volumic mesh composed of tetrahedra. The Navier-Stokes equations associated with the classical boundary conditions and different values of the flow dimensionless parameters are solved using the finite element method. The airways are supposed to be rigid during rest breathing. The flow distribution among the set of bronchi is determined during the respiratory cycle. Cycle reproducibility and mesh size effects on the numerical results are examined. Helpful qualitative data are provided rather than accurate quantitative results in the context of multimodelling, from inmage processing to numerical simulations.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00021505
Contributor : Simona Mancini <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 25, 2012 - 9:31:52 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 9:42:54 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, January 26, 2013 - 2:20:11 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00021505, version 1

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Catalin Feita, Simona Mancini, Diane Perchet, Françoise Prêteux, Marc Thiriet, et al.. An image-based computational model of oscillatory flow in the proximal part of tracheobronchial trees. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Taylor & Francis, 2005, 8(4), pp.279-293. ⟨hal-00021505⟩

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