Constitutive Laws and Failure Models for Compact Bones Subjected to Dynamic Loading

Abstract : Many biological tissues, such as bones and ligaments, are fibrous. The geometrical structure of these tissues shows that they exhibit a similar hierarchy in their ultra-structure and macro-structure. The aim of this work is to develop a model to study the failure of fibrous structures subjected to dynamic loading. The important feature of this model is that it describes failure in terms of the loss of cohesion between fibres. We have developed a model based on the lamellar structure of compact bone with fibres oriented at 0°, 45° and 90° to the longitudinal axis of the bone, and have studied the influence of the model parameters on the failure process. Bone porosity and joint stress force at failure were found to be the most significant parameters. Using least square resolution, we deduced a phenomenological model of the lamellar structure. Finally, experimental results were found to be comparable with our numerical model.
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Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, London : Informa Healthcare, 2002, 5, pp.351-359
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Dernière modification le : lundi 29 janvier 2018 - 16:06:02
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Martine Pithioux, Patrick Chabrand, Michel Jean. Constitutive Laws and Failure Models for Compact Bones Subjected to Dynamic Loading. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, London : Informa Healthcare, 2002, 5, pp.351-359. 〈hal-00008686〉

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