Material independent crack arrest statistics

Abstract : The propagation of (planar) cracks in a heterogeneous brittle material characterized by a random field of toughness is considered, taking into account explicitly the effect of the crack front roughness on the local stress intensity factor. In the so-called strong-pinning regime, the onset of crack propagation appears to map onto a second-order phase transition characterized by universal critical exponents which are independent of the local characteristics of the medium. Propagation over large distances can be described by using a simple one-dimensional description, with a correlation length and an effective macroscopic toughness distribution that scale in a non-trivial fashion with the crack front length. As an application of the above concepts, the arrest of indentation cracks is addressed, and the analytical expression for the statistical distribution of the crack radius at arrest is derived. The analysis of indentation crack radii on alumina is shown to obey the predicted algebraic expression for the radius distribution and its dependence on the indentation load.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2004 - 12:13:55 PM
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Yann Charles, Damien Vandembroucq, François Hild, Stéphane Roux. Material independent crack arrest statistics. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Elsevier, 2004, 52, pp.1651-1659. ⟨hal-00002755⟩



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