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Non-dispersive wave packets in periodically driven quantum systems

Abstract : With the exception of the harmonic oscillator, quantum wave-packets usually spread as time evolves. We show here that, using the nonlinear resonance between an internal frequency of a system and an external periodic driving, it is possible to overcome this spreading and build non-dispersive (or non-spreading) wave-packets which are well localized and follow a classical periodic orbit without spreading. From the quantum mechanical point of view, the non-dispersive wave-packets are time periodic eigenstates of the Floquet Hamiltonian, localized in the nonlinear resonance island. We discuss the general mechanism which produces the non-dispersive wave-packets, with emphasis on simple realization in the electronic motion of a Rydberg electron driven by a microwave field. We show the robustness of such wavepackets for a model one-dimensional as well as for realistic three dimensional atoms. We consider their essential properties such as the stability versus ionization, the characteristic energy spectrum and long lifetimes. The requirements for experiments aimed at observing such non-dispersive wave-packets are also considered. We also discuss other related phenomena in atomic and molecular physics as well as possible further extensions of the theory.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 8, 2004 - 5:44:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:38:08 AM

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A. Buchleitner, Dominique Delande, J. Zakrzewski. Non-dispersive wave packets in periodically driven quantum systems. Physics Reports, Elsevier, 2002, 368, p.409-547. ⟨hal-00002189⟩

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