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Collective Fabrication of 20 MHz Resonators by Deep Reactive Ion Etching on 3 '' Quartz Wafers

Abstract : High quality resonators for spatial and military applications are only made by unitary way and high speed directional etching of piezoelectric material is yet insufficiently developed to produce high aspect ratio microstructures. So, in this paper, we report on the theoretical definition and on the realization of BAW resonators, working at 20 and 40 MHz. Part of mechanical process is made by deep Reactive Ion Etching of AT- and SC-cut quartz crystal wafers. To avoid edge effects such as mechanical stresses induced by mounting structure or leakage of the vibration mode, we have to realize a good energy trapping of the selected resonant frequency. Several trapping methods can be used depending on the frequency, thereby changing the resonator design, such as mass loading by electrodes themselves, mesa forms (i.e. 1 to 3 mu m circular or elliptical steps), or radius of curvature on one face of the resonator at least. Here, for question of manufacturing, we choose to trap the energy by a mesa form. Fabrication of complete mesa architecture with bridges aperture (like in a bva structure) requires combining high depth (about 140 mu m for a 40 MHz 3(rd) overtone resonator), high aspect ratios, good uniformity over the entire wafer (for about 40 resonators), vertical wall profiles and reasonable etching selectivity. After describing different RIE processes, we analyze the quality of the realization through the surface roughness, the geometry, the homogeneity of the mesa-step, the wall profile.
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J.-J. Boy, H. Tavernier, X. Vacheret, Thierry Laroche, A. Clairet. Collective Fabrication of 20 MHz Resonators by Deep Reactive Ion Etching on 3 '' Quartz Wafers. 5th Joint Conference of the 65th IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium/25th European Frequency and Time Forum, May 2011, San Francisco, United States. pp.832-836, ⟨10.1109/FCS.2011.5977812⟩. ⟨hal-00670137⟩

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