Arsenic and metallic trace elements cycling in the surface water-groundwater-soil continuum down-gradient from a reclaimed mine area: Isotopic imprints

Abstract : Sr/ 86 Sr ratios Arsenic and MTEs Soil sequential extraction Surface water Groundwater ESEM measurements a b s t r a c t One decade after closure of the Salsigne mine (SW France), As contamination persisted in surface water, groundwater and soil near and down-gradient from the reclaimed ore processing site (OPS). We assess the fate of As and other associated chalcophilic MTEs, and their transport in the surface-water/ groundwater/soil continuum down-gradient from the reclaimed OPS, using Sr-isotopic fingerprinting. The Sr-isotope ratio was used as a tracer of transfer processes in this hydro-geosystem and was combined to sequential extraction of soil samples to evaluate the impact of contaminated soil on the underlying phreatic groundwater. The contrast in Sr isotope compositions of the different soil fractions reflects several Sr sources in the soil. In the complex hydro-geosystem around the OPS, the transport of As and MTEs is affected by a succession of factors, such as (1) Existence of a reducing zone in the aquifer below the reclaimed OPS, where groundwater shows relatively high As and MTEs contents, (2) Groundwater discharge into the stream near the reclaimed OPS causing an increase in As and MTE concentrations in surface water; (3) Partial co-precipitation of As with Fe-oxyhydroxides, contributing to some attenuation of As contents in surface water; (4) Infiltration of contaminated stream water into the unconfined aquifer down-gradient from the reclaimed OPS; (5) Accumulation of As and MTEs in soil irrigated with contaminated stream-and groundwater; (6) Release of As and MTEs from labile soil fractions to underlying the groundwater.
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Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2018, 558, pp.341 - 355. 〈10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.01.031〉
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Soumis le : mardi 13 mars 2018 - 11:07:33
Dernière modification le : mercredi 18 juillet 2018 - 20:11:27
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Mahmoud Khaska, Corinne Le Gal La Salle, Lara Sassine, Lise Cary, Olivier Bruguier, et al.. Arsenic and metallic trace elements cycling in the surface water-groundwater-soil continuum down-gradient from a reclaimed mine area: Isotopic imprints. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2018, 558, pp.341 - 355. 〈10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.01.031〉. 〈hal-01701958〉

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