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Bone mineral: new insights into its chemical composition

Abstract : Some compositional and structural features of mature bone mineral particles remain unclear. They have been described as calcium-deficient and hydroxyl-deficient carbonated hydroxyapatite particles in which a fraction of the po 4 3− lattice sites are occupied by HPO 4 2− ions. The time has come to revise this description since it has now been proven that the surface of mature bone mineral particles is not in the form of hydroxyapatite but rather in the form of hydrated amorphous calcium phosphate. Using a combination of dedicated solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, the hydrogen-bearing species present in bone mineral and especially the HPO 4 2− ions were closely scrutinized. We show that these HPO 4 2− ions are concentrated at the surface of bone mineral particles in the so-called amorphous surface layer whose thickness was estimated here to be about 0.8 nm for a 4-nm thick particle. We also show that their molar proportion is much higher than previously estimated since they stand for about half of the overall amount of inorganic phosphate ions that compose bone mineral. As such, the mineral-mineral and mineral-biomolecule interfaces in bone tissue must be driven by metastable hydrated amorphous environments rich in HPO 4 2− ions rather than by stable crystalline environments of hydroxyapatite structure.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 13, 2019 - 2:06:58 PM
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Stanislas von Euw, Yan Wang, Guillaume Laurent, Christophe Drouet, Florence Babonneau, et al.. Bone mineral: new insights into its chemical composition. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9, pp.8456. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-44620-6⟩. ⟨hal-02155237⟩

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