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(Sub)linear Kernels for Edge Modification Problems Towards Structured Graph Classes

Abstract : In a (parameterized) graph edge modification problem, we are given a graph G, an integer k and a (usually well-structured) class of graphs G, and ask whether it is possible to transform G into a graph G' ∈ G by adding and/or removing at most k edges. Parameterized graph edge modification problems received considerable attention in the last decades. In this paper, we focus on finding small kernels for edge modification problems. One of the most studied problems is the Cluster Editing problem, in which the goal is to partition the vertex set into a disjoint union of cliques. Even if this problem admits a 2k kernel [7], this kernel does not reduce the size of most instances. Therefore, we explore the question of whether linear kernels are a theoretical limit in edge modification problems, in particular when the target graphs are very structured (such as a partition into cliques for instance). We prove, as far as we know, the first sublinear kernel for an edge modification problem. Namely, we show that Clique + Independent Set Deletion, which is a restriction of Cluster Deletion, admits a kernel of size O(k/ log k). We also obtain small kernels for several other edge modification problems. We prove that Split Addition (and the equivalent Split Deletion) admits a linear kernel, improving the existing quadratic kernel of Ghosh et al. [19]. We complement this result by proving that Trivially Perfect Addition admits a quadratic kernel (improving the cubic kernel of Guo [21]), and finally prove that its triangle-free version (Starforest Deletion) admits a linear kernel, which is optimal under ETH.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03773065
Contributor : Théo Pierron Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 22, 2022 - 9:48:05 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:34:16 AM

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Gabriel Bathie, Nicolas Bousquet, Yixin Cao, Yuping Ke, Théo Pierron. (Sub)linear Kernels for Edge Modification Problems Towards Structured Graph Classes. 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021), Sep 2021, Lisboa, Portugal. ⟨10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.8⟩. ⟨hal-03773065⟩

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