Aggregate Formation of Surface-Modified Nanoparticles in Solvents and Polymer Nanocomposites

Abstract : A new method based on the combination of small-angle scattering, reverse Monte Carlo simulations, and an aggregate recognition algorithm is proposed to characterize the structure of nanoparticle suspensions in solvents and polymer nanocomposites, allowing detailed studies of the impact of different nanoparticle surface modifications. Experimental small-angle scattering is reproduced using simulated annealing of configurations of polydisperse particles in a simulation box compatible with the lowest experimental q-vector. Then, properties of interest like aggregation states are extracted from these configurations and averaged. This approach has been applied to silane surface-modified silica nanoparticles with different grafting groups, in solvents and after casting into polymer matrices. It is shown that the chemistry of the silane function, in particular mono- or trifunctionality possibly related to patch formation, affects the dispersion state in a given medium, in spite of an unchanged alkylchain length. Our approach may be applied to study any dispersion or aggregation state of nanoparticles. Concerning nanocomposites, the method has potential impact on the design of new formulations allowing controlled tuning of nanoparticle dispersion.
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Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2018, 34 (9), pp.3010-3020. 〈10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03932〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01768107
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Soumis le : lundi 16 avril 2018 - 22:36:48
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 avril 2018 - 01:30:11

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Dafne Musino, Anne-Caroline Genix, Thomas Chaussee, Laurent Guy, Natalia Meissner, et al.. Aggregate Formation of Surface-Modified Nanoparticles in Solvents and Polymer Nanocomposites. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2018, 34 (9), pp.3010-3020. 〈10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03932〉. 〈hal-01768107〉

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