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A maternal effect influences sensitivity to chlorpyrifos pesticide in the pest moth Spodoptera littoralis

Abstract : Transgenerational effects on sensitivity to pesticides are poorly studied. This study investigated the transgenerational influences of maternal body mass in the major pest moth Spodoptera littoralis, with a focus on sensitivity to chlorpyrifos pesticide. In 147 clutches of a laboratory strain of S. littoralis, we compared larval mortality between control larvae and larvae treated with chlorpyrifos. Because of the classic positive relationships between offspring size and maternal size and between offspring size and offspring quality, sensitivity to chlorpyrifos was predicted to be lower in larvae of larger mothers. Surprisingly, we found the opposite result, with higher pesticide toxicity in larvae of larger mothers. This result is partly explained by the lack of a relationship between larval mass and larval sensitivity to chlorpyrifos. This means that another offspring characteristic linked to maternal size should have affected larval sensitivity to chlorpyrifos. More generally, knowledge of the effects of the traits and ecological environments of mothers on offspring sensitivity to pesticides remains limited. Ecotoxicologists should pay more attention to such maternal effects on sensitivity to pesticides, both in pests and non-target species.
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Thibaut Bagni, David Siaussat, Annick Maria, Philippe Couzi, Martine Maïbèche, et al.. A maternal effect influences sensitivity to chlorpyrifos pesticide in the pest moth Spodoptera littoralis. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2020, 204, pp.111052. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.111052⟩. ⟨hal-02969470⟩

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