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La construction du piège régional : l'exemple des régions périmétropolitaines du Bassin parisien face à l'enjeu du développement

Abstract : This thesis examines the apparent contradiction between, from one side, the major change caused by the regionalisation process involving the affirmation of the French regions as a level of economic development and, from the other side, the inertia of the regional borders until 2015. The regional delimitations have been maintained for sixty years, despite the absence in some regions of metropolitan areas, considered by scientific literature as an indispensable element of development because of the location of the decision-making centres. The objective is therefore to deconstruct the decision-making "black box" by identifying the various factors that constrain actors' decisions and that have led to this paradox, which is a handicap for regions without metropolitan areas. For this goal, a multifactorial analysis based on neo-institutionalist theories was used to study the influence of interests, ideas and institutions on actors' decisions. The thesis also proposes to understand the role played by space on decisions through the formulation of the concept of "territorial dependency". This approach is mobilized to analyze the process that led to the existence of regions without metropolitan areas in the Paris Basin, chosen because it exacerbates the existing tension between the area of influence of the Paris and the division of the institutional borders. The analysis of several sequences of public action (schéma directeur de 1965, Lower Seine plan, regional reform laws, State-Region plan contract, FEDER programmes) using a methodology adapted to the sources and hypotheses allowed the identification of several mechanisms (incremental, interests, territorial, ideological) at the origin of the lock-ins to economic development in the Paris Basin.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 3, 2021 - 4:12:37 PM
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Nathan Gouin. La construction du piège régional : l'exemple des régions périmétropolitaines du Bassin parisien face à l'enjeu du développement. Géographie. Normandie Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020NORMR053⟩. ⟨tel-03130515⟩

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