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L'école Internationale d'Enseignement Infirmier Supérieur (Lyon, 1965-1995) : fabrique d'une élite et creuset pour l'émancipation des infirmières françaises du XXe siècle

Abstract : In 1960, after 40 years of vocational development, the French nurses were endowed with an original model of occupation strongly structured demonstrating that their qualification had undeniably gained in thickness. The Great War and its repercussions had furthered the penetration of the Anglo-American professional prototype in France. Even if this influence was limited, in 1960 the French model was comparable in numerous points to the historical English model and its American successor. On the other hand, the French nurses knew nothing about their colleagues’ career prospects and the way to University, which was unthinkable at the time. In 1965, the creation of the EIEIS in Lyon, gave to a small number of them this opportunity and established a tremendous occasion for the development of the nursing profession in France. The very active elite turned out thanks to this institution managed to change opinions about nursing profession among doctors, hospitals’ managers, academic people and public authorities. It also conduced to change French nurses’ practices and relationship to the world. Nurses even invented an original movement of protest at the end of 1980s. Finally, this School laid the foundations for an academic development of nursing in France. Though it was unrivalled in the country, it closed in 1995, due to the lack of necessary means to preserve its activity. “New public management”, more and more present in hospitals, promoted the rationalization of organizations and a strictly accounting management rather than an academic development of nursing in France.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 11, 2018 - 5:05:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01951900, version 1

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Michel Poisson. L'école Internationale d'Enseignement Infirmier Supérieur (Lyon, 1965-1995) : fabrique d'une élite et creuset pour l'émancipation des infirmières françaises du XXe siècle. Histoire. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMLH20⟩. ⟨tel-01951900⟩

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