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L’étude de la phrase hypothétique en arabe classique d’après les traités de grammaire médiévaux (IIe/VIIIe - VIIIe/XIVe siècles)

Abstract : The study of the hypothetical sentence according to medieval Arabic grammatical treatises, consists in deconstructing the manner in which this type of sentence was conceived by the classical grammarians. The latter, central figures in the linguistic field, have largely contributed to grammatical thought; from Arabic-speaking, poetry and Qur’an, these actors developed grammatical rules, thus forging the Arabic grammatical tradition. They highlighted several aspects of the language, among which, the expression of the hypothesis, the object of our research.The hypothetical sentence can be, mainly introduced by one of the three particles X, Y and Z, respectively to express the unreal, the potential and the eventual (possible). Pronouns and circumstances also serve to introduce a conditional sentence and affect the modal marking of its verbs. They are said, the conditional names. Arabic grammarians were interested in the modal marks of verbs and casual marks of nouns in the hypothetical statement. In addition, they had a particular interest in the language practices that fell under the exception, thus derogating from the rule. This dissertation aims to highlight the investment of classical Arabic grammarians in a transitional period, from the eighth to the fourteenth century. They are assigned the assignment of the rogatory statement to a conditional statement, because according to them, they implicitly refer to a condition.The question of the hypothetical sentence establishes one of the tracks invested by the classical grammarians, despite their convergences, divergences and positions in relation to grammatical standards. The expression of the hypothesis aroused debates and controversies between the grammarians, more particularly between those of the Basra school and those of the Kufite school.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 1:01:11 AM
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Hend Khedher. L’étude de la phrase hypothétique en arabe classique d’après les traités de grammaire médiévaux (IIe/VIIIe - VIIIe/XIVe siècles). Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA133⟩. ⟨tel-03471790⟩



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