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La règle et l’exception selon Ferdinand Brunot

Abstract : This paper is a contribution to the historical and epistemological analysis of Ferdinand Brunot's work. We discuss various aspects of his reflection on the notions of “grammatical rule” and “exception” as well as the impact of this reflection on the grammatical description in La Pensée et la langue (1922). According to Brunot, there are many faults in most of the grammatical rules established by his predecessors: from a pedagogical point of view, they give rise to teaching that only has a limited impact on what pupils produce and tends to distort the relation to language; from an epistemological point of view, they describe linguistic facts inadequately and often run counter to the “natural” evolution of language. The analysis of the way these rules are reformulated in La Pensée et la langue highlights Brunot's thesis considering the language as “an evolving thing” and establishing a division between “natural” facts and “artificial” facts, which is the result of grammarians' unfortunate intervention in language. Thereby, he shows that rules are the product of the history of language as well as the history of grammatical descriptions, and that exceptions do not exist in the sense that there is no linguistic fact that cannot be explained.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 12, 2022 - 4:35:41 PM
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Aurélia Elalouf. La règle et l’exception selon Ferdinand Brunot. Pratiques : linguistique, littérature, didactique, Centre de recherche sur les médiations (Crem) - Université de Lorraine 2015, ⟨10.4000/pratiques.2630⟩. ⟨hal-03639219⟩

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