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Field Application and Validation of a Seismic Bedload Transport Model

Abstract : Bedload transport drives morphological changes in gravel-bed streams and sediment transfer in catchments. The large impact forces associated with bedload motion and its highly dynamic spatiotemporal nature make it difficult to monitor bedload transport in the field. In this study, we revise a physically-based model of bedload-induced seismic ground motion proposed by Tsai et al. (2012) and apply it to invert bedload flux from seismic measurements alongside an Alpine stream. First, we constrain the seismic response of a braided river reach with a simple active experiment using a series of large-rock impacts. This allows the characterization of surface wave propagation and attenuation with distance from the impact source. Second, we distinguish bedload-generated ground vibrations from those caused by turbulent flow using frequency-based scaling relationships between seismic power and discharge. Finally, absolute bedload transport rates are quantified from seismic measurements using inverse modeling based on a simplified formulation of bedload particle motion. The results are verified with a large data set of bedload samples, demonstrating that seismic measurements can provide an indirect measure for bedload flux with uncertainties within a factor of 5 ±1 for instantaneous measurements (between 0.01 and 1 kg/m/s). Larger deviations may be caused by uncertainties in the contribution of turbulent flow effects, particle impact velocity, and especially particle size that may vary with sediment supply and flow conditions. When constraining these uncertainties, instream sediment transport measurements are no longer necessarily required and seismic monitoring may provide an accurate and continuous means to investigate bedload dynamics in gravel-bed streams.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03107579
Contributor : Florent Gimbert <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 4:46:40 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 4:58:14 PM
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Maarten Bakker, Florent Gimbert, Thomas Geay, Clément Misset, Sébastien Zanker, et al.. Field Application and Validation of a Seismic Bedload Transport Model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2020, 125 (5), pp.e2019JF005416. ⟨10.1029/2019jf005416⟩. ⟨hal-03107579⟩

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