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Disability Progression in Multiple Sclerosis Patients using Early First-line Treatments

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Therapeutic management of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) has evolved towards early treatment. The objective was to assess the impact of early treatment initiation on disability progression among RRMS first-line treated patients. METHODS: This study included all incident RRMS cases starting interferon or glatiramer acetate for the first time from 1996/01/01 to 2012/31/12 (N=5,279) from ten MS expert OFSEP centers (Observatoire Français de la Sclérose en Plaques). The delay from treatment start to attain an irreversible Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 3.0 were compared between "Early" group (N= 1,882; treated within 12 months following MS clinical onset) and "Later" group using propensity score weighted Kaplan-Meier methods, overall and stratified by age. RESULTS: Overall, the restricted mean time before reaching EDSS 3.0 (RMST) from treatment start was 11 years and two months for patients treated within the year following MS clinical onset and 10 years and seven months for patients treated later. Thus, early treated patients gained 7 months (95% CI: [4-11] months) in the time to reach EDSS 3.0 compared to patients treated later (treatment start delayed by 28 months). The difference in RMST was respectively six months (95% CI: [1-10] months) and 14 months (95% CI: [4-24] months) in the "≤40 years" age group and in the ">40 years" age group, in favour of early group. . CONCLUSIONS: Early treatment initiation resulted in a significant reduction of disability progression among patients with RRMS, and also among older patients.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03690316
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 16, 2022 - 3:17:21 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:04:06 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Mathilde Lefort, Sandra Vukusic, Romain Casey, Gilles Edan, Emmanuelle Leray. Disability Progression in Multiple Sclerosis Patients using Early First-line Treatments. European Journal of Neurology, Wiley, 2022, ⟨10.1111/ene.15422⟩. ⟨hal-03690316⟩

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