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Xcalumkín: inscripciones e iconografía del Puuc temprano

Abstract : The Classic Maya site of Xcalumkin is located in the western Puuc region of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). Its occupation extends from AD 650 to 950. During the Early Puuc, buildings—constructed in two different groups—were decorated with bas-relief sculptures accompanied by hieroglyphic inscriptions that mention dates ranging from 728 to 753. The study of this corpus has permitted to highlight a political system consisting in the succession of three groups of two governors (sajals). These dignitaries are identified, both by texts and images, as being warriors, tribute collectors, and sacrificers. Also cited are priests, scribes, and sculptors. The inscriptions mention the sovereign of Kaan (Jaina), to whom the sajals seem subordinate. This political organization could be specific to Xcalumkin; it suggests a dualistic system that existed during the previous period (the Early Xcalumkin phase).
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Pierre Becquelin. Xcalumkín: inscripciones e iconografía del Puuc temprano. Americae. European Journal of Americanist Archaeology, CNRS, 2019, 4, pp.37-46. ⟨hal-02469418⟩

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