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Agua-cerro, ideología y realidades en el área maya

Abstract : The pair of words (or "difrasismo') water/hill, in nàhuatl atl/tepetl, refers both to a class of toponyms and a notion of polity. With the support of epigraphic and iconographic evidence, the present study is archaeological and mainly focuses upon the Maya area. It suggests that the altepetl political conception expressed an ideal of autochtony, autonomy and unity that can be profitably analyzed in the context of transforming Classic-to-Postclassic Maya polities until the Spanish conquest. The altepetl resulted from practices of "place-making"— foundation of a city with one public plaza shared by constituent parts —and of rituals applied to its corresponding hinterlands. It was in some cases doted with a real system of hydraulic management. But, as a sovereign polity with a specific territoriality, it was doomed to dissolve in the face of hegemonies or empires emerging during the Postclassic period.
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Marie-Charlotte Arnauld. Agua-cerro, ideología y realidades en el área maya. Americae. European Journal of Americanist Archaeology, CNRS, 2016, Altepetl, 1, pp.39-58. ⟨hal-01844796⟩



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